Nearly everything Gaara uses is based upon sand, whether it be the special chakra-infused sand in his gourd, sand from the
environment or sand he has converted from dirt. From what I have seen, all of his combat techniques are ninjutsu; I have yet
to see him use genjutsu (I doubt he could anyway, given his mental instability), and the gourd and auto sand shield make it
nearly impossible for him to use any sort of taijutsu. Even when he uses weapons, they're created from his sand. Gaara in
general is a long-range fighter--during most fights he does very little dodging. In fact, he just stands there, lets the sand
shield block him from close-and-long range attacks, and then manipulates sand to attack his opponent from afar. Gaara places
equal emphasis on defense and offense--he has two main methods of protecting him, as well as several techniques of attack.
Some of the ways in which Gaara manipulates sand are definitely very creative and eye-popping. You never knew you could
do so much with just sand.
Gourd and Sand
One helluva heavy object.
It's basically...a giant gourd that's almost as big as he. It's usually tied to his back by some sash or belt or something,
and I suspect it's light enough so he can move normally. Either that or Gaara must be hiding some pretty impressive physical
stamina. Anyhow. The gourd is tan in color and cracked along the sides, and has some interesting 'E' shaped, black patterns
on it. It contains the special chakra-infused sand that Gaara constantly reuses. There are several interesting theories on
what the gourd actually 'is'. All of Gaara's attacks stem from his ability to control whatever sand he has at his disposal.
The sand he has in his gourd, as Kiba notes, 'smells of blood'. This is because Gaara reuses this special sand over and over
to kill people. Though he can control any type of sand, controlling the sand in his gourd comes easiest to him. The ease in
procuring his materials for offense and defense make Gaara an extremely dangerous opponent.
Shinobi JutsuSabaku Kyuu (Desert Coffin)
- Gaara uses chakra to engulf an opponent completely in sand, immobilizing them
and sometimes suffocating them. Gaara has one hand performing the hand seals, and the other is out extended in front of him,
open. He usually follows this jutsu up with the deadly Sabaku Sousou (see below).
Sabaku Sousou (Desert Funeral) - The follow-up to Sabaku Kyuu, this makes the sand around an opponent implode
and compact together, crushing their body and resulting in instant death. There is almost no way to escape the technique,
especially if immobilized by Sabaku Kyuu. When Gaara has his palm open during Sabaku Kyuu, he closes it sharply to perform
Sabaku Sousou, almost as if imitating the contracting motion of the sand. At one point in the manga I noticed he said "Sabaku
Kyuu" instead of "Sabaku Sousou" while he was crushing Deidara's arm. o_O Weird. DX
Sabaku Rou (Desert Prison) - A huge mass of sand rushes out to imprison the enemy. I haven't read back to Part
I for a while, but Gaara uses this against Deidara in an effort to stop the Akatsuki shinobi's movements. Sabaku Rou is HUGE--it
looks almost like the Shukaku's claw, in fact. (That dark dot in the center of that pic is Gaara's enemy, everything else
is the Sabaku Rou.)
Suna no Tate (Shield of Sand - The automatic sand shield that acts independant of Gaara's will. Whenever Gaara
is danger of harm, it flicks up to guard him from damage. It can withstand nearly any standard attack, whether it be shuriken
projectiles, needles, or even explosions. It has been defeated by Lee's high-speed taijutsu, in which the sand shield can't
Suna no Yoroi (Armor of Sand) - The armor of sand is an extremely thin, but dense layer of sand that lies directly
on Gaara's skin, protecting him should the Suna no Tate fail to protect him. However, this requires an immense of chakra to
compact the sand together, and it slows the user down as a result of the extra weight. Thus, Gaara only uses it unless he
absolutely has to. But the effectiveness of the jutsu is undeniable--it can more often than not render an attack absolutely
useless. It's also why Gaara appears 'cracked' when he gets attacked.
Suna Bunshin (Sand Doppelganger) - Gaara's version of the Kage Bunshin, he creates a doppelganger out of sand.
He uses this in the fight against Lee, right before Lee lands the final blow of his Lotus technique. He also uses it against
Sasuke in their Chuunin Exam match. This is another one of Gaara's many defensive techniques to keep himself unharmed. Interestingly,
the sand clone can move just as flexibly as a real human.
Ryuusa Bakuryuu (Quicksand Waterfall) - Gaara manipulates sand so it acts like a massive tidal wave or water
fall. He uses this against Lee, sweeping him off his feet and causing him to lose control. Gaara also uses this as a prelude
to Sabaku Rou in his fight vs. Deidara. This jutsu uses and somehow procures an immense amount of sand--it literally is a
'sea of sand'. I'm guessing it also uses up a lot of chakra.
Sabaku Taisou (Imperial Desert Funeral) - The counterpart to Ryuusa Bakuryuu, Gaara compacts the huge amount
of sand created by the former technique in a style similar to that of Sabaku Sousou. As one might expect, quite a damaging
jutsu. (For comparison's sake, those dots are Lee and Gaara)
Sabaku Fuyuu (Desert Suspension) - Gaara uses sand to levitate himself in the air. Versus Deidara, he hops onto
this flying wave of sand, so he can fight the bird-mounted Deidara. Gaara can also levitate a sphere-shaped shield of sand
in the air, as he shows in the same fight. This shield, probably sourced from his automatic sand shield, is extremely quick.
Suna Shigure (Sand Drizzle) - Gaara rains sand down on his opponent from above, and an alternative way to lead
up to Sabaku Sousou. The wide range of this jutsu can coat the entire area in sand, which gives Gaara the ability to attack
from nearly everywhere. Gaara uses this jutsu to prove Kimimaro wrong when the other smirks that Gaara cannot attack if there
is no sand on the ground.
Daisan no Me (Third Eye) - An eye made out of sand. Somehow, the sand condenses to form what looks like a perfectly
normal eyeball (as normal as a socket-less eyeball gets, at least). It 'spies' for Gaara when he's enclosed within his sand-sphere
defense shield. He also uses it to get answers during the first part of the Chuunin Exams.
Shukaku-RelatedTanuki Neiri no Jutsu (Feigning Sleep Technique)
- Gaara uses this jutsu to force sleep
upon himself, thus allowing the Shukaku to take over his body and personality. If an opponent breaks the spell of sleep, the
Shukaku is sealed back into Gaara once again.
Saikou Zettai Bougyo: Shukaku no Tate (Extremely Hard Ultimate Defense: Shield of Shukaku) - A highly effective,
but high-chakra technique in which Gaara summons a shield resembling the Shukaku to defend himself. Gaara calls this up against
Kimimaro, whom at the time has the 'ultimate offense'. Gaara loses in this small clash, but manages to survive due to Kimimaro's
sickness kicking in and killing him.
Mugen Sajin Daitoppa (Wind Element, Infinite Sand Storm) A huge cloud of sand blown at high speed, enough to
knock the opponent off his feet. Gaara uses this when partially transformed. It also has the capability to destroy Naruto's
Kage Bunshins all at once, easily rendering that jutsu ineffective.
Transformation - No real name for this, I just wanted to cover Gaara's transformations into Shukaku. Gaara can transform
parts of his body into the Bijuu, whether it be his arms, legs, a tail, etc. Interestingly enough, Naruto, through copying
Kakashi-sensei's "1000 Years of Pain" joke jutsu, finds that Gaara has a weak point underneath his tail when transformed.
Gaara can also transform entirely into Shukaku, though he enacts the sleep-forcing jutsu when he sees that he's losing against
Naruto and Gama Bunta.